The Science Quiz All the presidents scientists

first_img The Moon Treaty Hand washing In a smaller-scale war (but one with implications that are just as important), many pathogens are becoming resistant to antibiotics. Which of the following accelerates antibiotic resistance? The height of one copy of Science magazine Autism Start Quiz The height of a thimble Alzheimer’s. Brain health touches us from cradle to grave, and when brain disease strikes, the costs—personal and budgetary—are staggering. By 2025, at least 7 million Americans are expected to suffer from Alzheimer’s disease, which causes memory loss, personality changes, impaired reasoning, and, eventually, death. The new president will have to plan for a ramp-up in spending on care for elderly people with brain disease and decide how high a priority to place on spending for brain research. Costs and benefits Which U.S. president signed legislation that led to the creation of NASA? Time’s Up! You Jimmy Carter The intentions of others Which U.S. president oversaw the development of the ARPA Network, precursor of the internet? Score Click to enter Lyndon Johnson Add new DNA Enforcing the three laws of robotics All of the above Lateral gene transfer. Because many disease-causing agents reproduce so quickly—the gut bug Escherichia coli can double its numbers in as little as 17 minutes—they can evolve fast and outrace our ability to develop new treatments. Bacteria and other organisms can even trade genes through a process called lateral transfer, accelerating the spread of traits like drug resistance. The United States needs to be ready for serious epidemics, and even a global pandemic. Readiness requires international cooperation and coordination, because diseases respect no borders. Brain health is another area where politicians need policymaking savvy. This year alone, what disease cost Americans nearly $236 billion? Franklin Roosevelt Artificial intelligence, meanwhile, is taking off. What is one near-term worry about enabling machines to make their own decisions? The height of a playing card. That’s about 8 centimeters. As the world warms, its oceans are swelling by an average of 3.2 millimeters a year. Some 40% of this increase stems from the physical expansion of water as it heats. The rest is mostly caused by melting mountain glaciers and, especially in recent years, retreating ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica. If current emission trends continue, the seas could rise by a half-meter or more by century’s end. John Kennedy Brain cancer Ease public concerns about scientists “playing god” Dwight Eisenhower. The 34th president of the United States was famous for his military exploits during World War II, but he was equally famous for his role in the postwar world, encouraging nuclear arms control and championing a policy of deterrence during the Cold War. After the Soviet Union launched the world’s first artificial satellite—Sputnik—in 1957, Eisenhower backed the creation of a civilian-led space program. Congress approved, and NASA was created on 1 October 1958. January 20, 2017 Dwight Eisenhower John Kennedy How much do you know about the scientific breakthroughs of presidencies past and the challenges facing future (and current) administrations? In this week’s special quiz, see how you stack up when it comes to science policy! Achieving the singularity In addition to calling for the original moonshot, U.S. President John Kennedy supported what other space-related initiative? An error occurred loading the Quiz. Please try again later. Enter the information below to enter the sweepstakes:Your information has been submitted.An error occurred submitting the email. Please try again later.This email has already been entered.The email submitted is not a valid email.Incomplete form. Please fill out all fields. 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I would like to receive emails about products and services offered by AAAS advertisers.PRIVACY I have read and accept the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.Submit Lateral gene transfer Today, many challenges face the incoming administration, not the least among them climate change. According to scientists, the world’s seas have risen—on average—how much in the last 23 years? Commercial space satellites Overexposure to cell phone transmissions CRISPR is a new gene-editing technology that makes it easier, faster, and cheaper than ever before to alter the DNA of any organism, from bacteria to people. Which of the following can’t it do?center_img Results: You answered out of correctly – Click to revisit Enter for a chance to win. We’ll select a new winner each week. The height of a playing card Alzheimer’s Bill Clinton Lyndon Johnson. The ARPA Network, set up in 1969 by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), was a network of small computers initially deployed at research institutes along the U.S. West Coast. The first permanent link was established on 21 November between computers at the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Stanford Research Institute. The first message that they sent? “lo,” a two-letter aberration of the word “login.” When they tried sending the entire word, the system crashed. The Strategic Defense Initiative (“Star Wars”) Top Ranker January 20, 2017 The Science Quiz Take the quiz to enter for a chance to win a FREE digital subscription to Science! Learn More The faster you answer, the higher you score! Challenge your friends and sign up for your chance to win a free digital subscription to Science. Lyndon Johnson Harry Truman Dwayne Elizondo Mountain Dew Herbert Camacho Share your score The Science Quiz Traumatic brain injuries (concussions) Official rules for the News from Science weekly quiz sweepstakes How did you score on the quiz? Challenge your friends to a science news duel! Establishing liability Richard Nixon Our own best interests Allowing them to evolve feelings of ennui 0 / 10 Question Which U.S. president signed environmental laws including the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, and the Endangered Species Act? Cripple a gene The underuse of antibiotics The creation of an international space station Average Ease public concerns about “playing god.” A powerful tool for basic research, CRISPR could also lead to new treatments for genetic disease in humans, pest-resistant crops with higher yields, and disease-resistant livestock. But uses of CRISPR could also raise profound ethical and regulatory concerns. It could allow the creation of human embryos with modified genes that would be passed on to future generations. And, in an approach known as gene drive, CRISPR could be used to permanently alter the genome of an entire species in ways that could shift its evolutionary path and ecological role, or even wipe it off Earth. What a joke! Everyone knows that sea levels aren’t rising. Dwight Eisenhower Mix genes from unrelated organisms 0 Here’s one final concern for any incoming administration. According to social science, it turns out that we humans aren’t so great at assessing: All of the above. And all of the above come down to a single concept: risk. When experts calculate risk, they rely on statistics, but ordinary people rely on their guts. One downside of gut assessments is obvious: They lead us to overestimate the chances of horrible things happening and underestimate familiar risks. For example, since the attacks of 9/11, terrorists have killed at most a few hundred Americans. Over the same period, car accidents have killed more than 500,000 and heart disease roughly 8 million—perils we tend to take in stride. Misperception of risk can push a president to overreact to lesser threats and underreact to greater problems. Talking realistically about risks—as opposed to promising absolute protection—is crucial, but to do so, a president will have to maintain the public’s trust, which is much harder to earn than it is to lose. Commercial space satellites. The Communications Satellite Act of 1962 for the first time allowed private firms to launch commercial communications satellites. But, like the moonshot, the act can’t be attributed to just one player. Experts don’t always agree on who deserves credit or blame for every major policy decision. One reason, as Kennedy himself ruefully noted after the Bay of Pigs fiasco, is that “victory has 100 fathers and defeat is an orphan.” (And yes, we know he borrowed that quote from an Italian diplomat writing about World War II.) Establishing liability. Products and services from self-driving cars to systems that guide medical care could bring major benefits. But AI also brings worries. It will enable employers to automate more tasks and displace workers, possibly increasing economic inequality. Letting machines make their own decisions also raises profound ethical and legal questions. Who is responsible if an autonomous car crashes, a piece of software wrecks an investment portfolio, or a sensor switches a stoplight to green at the wrong time? The stakes are even higher on the battlefield, where the military is exploring the possibility of fielding autonomous lethal weapons that would make their own decisions about when to fire. LOADING Richard Nixon. Known for negotiating the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with the Soviets, opening up China to the West, and opening up the files of the Democratic National Committee, Nixon was also a supporter of the nascent environmental movement, and even signed the executive order that led to the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency. At the time, air pollution was so bad in the United States that the Mississippi River was described as a “cesspool,” and New Yorkers were constantly rubbing soot from their faces with handkerchiefs—just two small examples of why cleaning up the environment became a major public concern. Win a FREE digital subscription to Science! Just submit the required contact information to enter.last_img read more