Maine Governors Medicaid Plan Could Lead To Direct Confrontation With Feds

first_imgMaine Governor’s Medicaid Plan Could Lead To ‘Direct Confrontation’ With Feds Gov. Paul LePage views the recent Supreme Court health law decision as license to make deep cuts to Maine’s Medicaid rolls. Meanwhile, in news related to the Medicaid expansion, Arkansas officials estimate future savings of $372 million if it proceeds with the expansion.The New York Times: Maine Debate Hints At Rift On Medicaid After RulingAs some Republican governors declare that they will not expand Medicaid under the national health care law, Gov. Paul R. LePage is going a step further. In what could lead to a direct confrontation with the Obama administration, he is planning to cut thousands of people from Maine’s Medicaid rolls, arguing that the recent Supreme Court ruling on the law gives him license to do so (Goodnough and Pear, 7/18).The Associated Press/CBS News: Ark. DHS: $372M In Savings From Medicaid ExpansionArkansas would save $372 million over the next several years if it goes forward with an expansion of Medicaid under the federal health care law after the savings from the law and new state tax revenue are factored in, state officials said Tuesday. The Arkansas Department of Human Services released the new numbers as Gov. Mike Beebe weighs whether to agree to the expansion (7/18). This is part of the KHN Morning Briefing, a summary of health policy coverage from major news organizations. Sign up for an email subscription.last_img read more

Online Insurance Shoppers May Soon Turn To ThirdParty Sites

first_imgOnline Insurance Shoppers May Soon Turn To Third-Party Sites The Washington Post reports that as officials work toward the final enrollment season push, the administration is turning to some private entrepreneurs to help sign up people. Also, the Los Angeles Times examines how many young people are signing up.The Washington Post: Signing Up For Obamacare Could Someday Take As Little As 10 MinutesWith five weeks to go until the end of open enrollment, the White House still has a lot of work ahead if it wants to meet the Congressional Budget Office’s initial target of 7 million Obamacare signups. … To further boost adoption, the administration is now turning directly to some of the private entrepreneurs who responded to Healthcare.gov’s botched rollout with solutions of their own. And in some cases that’s meant a much smoother and less time-consuming enrollment experience. While enrollees have largely signed up for health care plans through the federal marketplace or one of the state-based exchanges, they are about to be able to choose from a number of third-party registration services that plug right into the government’s data hub (Fung, 2/26).Los Angeles Times: Obamacare Draws Younger Consumers Online As Deadline Nears, Report SaysThe average premium paid for Obamacare coverage on a leading insurance website has dropped by nearly $100 a month since October as more young people sign up, a new industry report shows. The average age of people buying coverage at online broker EHealthInsurance.com dropped from 44 mid-October to 36 in late February, according to the company (Terhune, 2/26).The Associated Press: Obama: Health Insurance Enrollment At 4 Million Pressing for a final rush of health care enrollees, President Barack Obama said Tuesday that about 4 million people have signed up for health insurance through federal or state marketplaces set up under his health care law. But with a key deadline approaching fast, he urged some of his most steadfast backers to help sign up millions more by then (Superville and Thomas, 2/26).Politico: In Final Stretch, Obamacare Equation Is Numbers, Days And AttitudesBut the administration wants to boost those numbers to around 6 million before open enrollment season ends March 31. A strong March finish helps the White House put that rocky October rollout firmly behind it, give the health plans the customers needed to make the new insurance markets work and head toward the November midterms with some stories of success (Kenen, 2/26).And in news from state exchanges -The Oregonian: Oracle Pulls 100 Programmers From Unfinished Cover Oregon Health Insurance ExchangeOracle Corp., the giant technology company at the center of the Cover Oregon controversy, has significantly downsized its army of software developers trying to salvage Oregon’s health insurance exchange website. What that means for the Oregon exchange — which has been plagued by bugs and remains largely unfinished — is an open question. Exchange acting director Bruce Goldberg did not respond to a request for comment Wednesday afternoon. In the past week about 100 Oracle employees have peeled off the Cover Oregon project, leaving approximately 65 in place (Budnick, 2/26).The Star Tribune: MNsure Trims Projections For Private-Plan EnrollmentsMNsure scaled back its estimates Wednesday for how many Minnesotans will end up using the website to enroll in private plans, but officials maintained that the agency will still be able to balance its budget. The state’s new insurance exchange had been working toward a goal of enrolling about 70,000 in private plans by April 1. But revised estimates presented to the board of directors now project that 50,518 will buy insurance by the end of 2014 (Crosby, 2/27). This is part of the KHN Morning Briefing, a summary of health policy coverage from major news organizations. Sign up for an email subscription.last_img read more

Final Days Of Health Laws Open Enrollment Marked By Stepped Up Outreach

first_imgFinal Days Of Health Law’s Open Enrollment Marked By Stepped Up Outreach Efforts News outlets detail the various strategies that are being employed to encourage more people to sign-up for coverage. Insurers are paying for ads and supporting the work of grassroots organizations. Meanwhile, students are volunteering and navigators are staying busy.  The New York Times: In Alabama, College Students Take On Challenge Of Health Insurance Sign-UpStudents at the University of Alabama Honors College here are encouraged to do volunteer work in the community and on campus. For Marlan Golden, a senior, that has included being a Big Brother; running an education project for local Latinos; serving as president of the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity; and, most recently, signing up people for health insurance under the Affordable Care Act (Winerip, 3/12).St. Louis Post-Dispatch: Navigators Reach Individuals Through Businesses A health insurance application counselor stood in the center of a downtown barbershop. “I’ll repeat myself,” announced Gloria Bailey, an outreach worker for Grace Hill Health Centers. “If anyone in here is uninsured…” (Kulash, 3/13). Marketplace: The Final Push For Affordable Care Act SignupsIf you haven’t signed up for health insurance by March 31, you’ll likely face a penalty. The thing is, a lot of the uninsured don’t seem to know that the deadline is March 31.  Kantar Media says  insurance companies are now devoting almost half of all their ad spending to commercials with a health reform theme.  Insurers are also giving financial support to some grassroots groups, like Enroll America (Marshall-Genzer, 3/12). In related news –The Washington Post’s Wonkblog: HHS Will Push Back Against State Restrictions On Obamacare Ground TroopsAfter a number of states have passed laws limiting the reach of Obamacare “navigators,” the Obama administration is getting ready to push back. HHS has signaled it will soon take on restrictions that states have placed on the federally funded program meant to educate consumers about health insurance. There are different designations of Obamacare-related in-person help: navigators, in-person assisters and certified application counselors. Each designation has varying responsibilities, but the general idea is that they’re supposed to help people understand their insurance options under the health care law, though they can’t actually enroll anyone in coverage (Millman, 3/12). This is part of the KHN Morning Briefing, a summary of health policy coverage from major news organizations. Sign up for an email subscription.last_img read more

Digital Mammograms May Not Be Better At Diagnosing Older Women Study

first_imgDigital Mammograms May Not Be Better At Diagnosing Older Women: Study The Yale review adds to the mixed report card on digital mammography, reports NPR. Meanwhile, big increases in vaccination prices are straining public health budgets and creating dilemmas for some doctors, finds The New York Times.NPR: Costlier Digital Mammograms May Not Be Better For Older Women According to the Yale review of the data, the use of digital mammograms and of computer-aided detection increased nationally from around two percent to 30 percent between 2000 and 2010. As a result, the cost per screening mammogram rose from $75 to $101 during this period. They estimated that for each Medicare recipient, the average cost of all screening-related tests, including follow-up biopsies, MRIs, and ultrasounds, increased from $76 to $112 during the time period. Almost all of that increase in cost came from digital mammography and computer-aided detection. But switching to the more expensive technology didn’t seem to help doctors spot cancer (Manke, 7/2). The New York Times: The Price Of Prevention: Vaccine Costs Are SoaringVaccination prices have gone from single digits to sometimes triple digits in the last two decades, creating dilemmas for doctors and their patients as well as straining public health budgets. Here in San Antonio and elsewhere, some doctors have stopped offering immunizations because they say they cannot afford to buy these potentially lifesaving preventive treatments that insurers often reimburse poorly, sometimes even at a loss (Rosenthal, 7/2). This is part of the KHN Morning Briefing, a summary of health policy coverage from major news organizations. Sign up for an email subscription.last_img read more

Study On Cancer Care Offers Model For Possible Lower Spending On Treatment

first_imgStudy On Cancer Care Offers Model For Possible Lower Spending On Treatment The study, however, raised some questions because while it cut costs by a third and showed no decline in patient health, the spending on chemotherapy medications rose.The Wall Street Journal: Study On Cancer Care Yields Mixed ResultsA closely watched study that aimed to remove the financial incentive for doctors to prescribe expensive cancer drugs delivered a contradictory result, with lower overall treatment spending but higher chemotherapy medication costs. The results of the study, which involved UnitedHealth Group Inc.’s insurance arm and five oncology practices, raise questions about the most effective way to trim the rapidly growing tab for cancer care. The U.S. spent more on cancer drugs last year —$37 billion, up 19% in five years—than any other category, according to the IMS Institute for Healthcare Informatics, a unit of IMS Health. Overall costs for treating cancer are well over $100 billion annually and mounting, according to researchers at the National Cancer Institute (Wilde Mathews, 7/8).Reuters: New Doctor Payment Plan Cut Cancer Care Costs, UnitedHealth SaysAn experiment changing how U.S. cancer doctors are compensated cut healthcare costs by a third, with no discernible decline in patient health, according to a three-year study by insurer UnitedHealth Group Inc and five medical oncology groups. Cancer treatment is one of the most expensive and fastest growing categories of care in the United States. Oncologists and insurers have been devising new incentives for doctors to improve patient care while lowering costs. In the latest experiment, UnitedHealth, the largest U.S. health insurer, gave participating doctors an upfront payment to cover a patient’s full course of treatment, rather than reimburse them for each individual medical service such as chemotherapy. Findings from the study, which ran from 2009 to 2012, were published online on Tuesday in the Journal of Oncology Practice (Humer, 7/8). Also, the New York Times looks at an increase in generic drug costs.The New York Times: Rapid Price Increases For Some Generic Drugs Catch Users By SurpriseIn recent years, generics have curbed the rise of drug prices, saving the American health care system billions of dollars. After the patents for Lipitor, the cholesterol drug, and Ambien, the sleeping pill, expired in the last few years, for example, generics entered the market and prices plummeted. But increasingly, experts say, the costs of some generic drugs are going the other way. The prices paid by pharmacies for some generic versions of Fiorinal with codeine (for migraines) and Synthroid (a thyroid medicine) as well as the generic steroid prednisolone have all more than doubled since last year, EvaluatePharma found. In January, the National Community Pharmacists Association called for a congressional hearing on generic drug prices, complaining that those for many essential medicines grew as much as “600, 1,000 percent or more” in recent years. The price jumps especially affected smaller pharmacies, which do not have the clout of big chains to bargain for discounts (Rosenthal, 7/8). This is part of the KHN Morning Briefing, a summary of health policy coverage from major news organizations. Sign up for an email subscription.last_img read more

Gone Home is free right now until May 5

first_img We’d also like to send you special offers and news just by email from other carefully selected companies we think you might like. Your personal details will not be shared with those companies – we send the emails and you can unsubscribe at any time. Please tick here if you are happy to receive these messages.By submitting your information, you agree to the Terms & Conditions and Privacy & Cookies Policy. Sign up for the Mobile NewsletterSign Up Please keep me up to date with special offers and news from Goodtoknow and other brands operated by TI Media Limited via email. You can unsubscribe at any time. Show More Unlike other sites, we thoroughly review everything we recommend, using industry standard tests to evaluate products. We’ll always tell you what we find. We may get a commission if you buy via our price links.Tell us what you think – email the Editor If you’re one of the few people that hasn’t yet had a crack at explore-’em-up Gone Home, it’s free on the Humble Bundle store right now, but you’ll have to move quick, as the offer only runs till May 5.Gone Home was critically acclaimed upon its release back in 2013, and has the player exploring an abandoned house to try and piece together where everyone is. No spoilers here, because this deserves to be experienced fresh, but the game does excellent things with atmosphere and setting up and subverting expectations to make something as unusual as mundane as nudging your way around someone’s guest bedroom feel tense and exciting.Related: Best PC GamesIf you’re a Humble Monthly subscriber, Gone Home is already available for free as one of the 60+ titles in the Humble Monthly Trove, a on-demand collection of games that subscribers can help themselves to at any time. However, until May 5 you don’t need to be subscribed to anything, you just click here and log in to your Humble Bundle account, meaning it’s not even tied to a specific launcher.But remember, this offer will be gone on May 5, like tears in the rain. It’s free to keep forever once you’ve got it, but that won’t matter if you don’t smash that download button before the deal ends. If you’re into free games, this comparison of Taylor Swift and Spotify hides the fact that Transistor is free on the Epic Games Store right now.Related: Best FPS GamesIf this gives you a taste for what the developers are selling, Fullbright’s follow up Tacoma reviewed well, with Jade King saying: “Fullbright has crafted an impressive yet ultimately unfulfilling narrative adventure in Tacoma. Its characters and setting are some of the best in the medium in terms of dialogue and atmosphere, but the overarching plot is far too weak to hold them altogether. That being said, exploring the lonely space station is a journey I don’t regret taking.”That one isn’t free, just chucking it out there in case you want to explore a space-station as well as a house. Playing Gone Home for the first time? Let us know what you think on Twitter at @TrustedReviews This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.last_img read more

Heres how Final Fantasy 7 Remakes battle system will work

first_imgE3 2019 Final Fantasy 7: Remake’s battle system has been demoed at E3 2019 and so far, it’s looking like a thrilling blend of real-time action mixed with tactical play, all laced with dramatic exchanges between characters.During Square Enix’s E3 press conference, attendees and viewers were treated to some footage of Cloud Strife laying the smackdown on rank and file enemies, and a general introduction to how fisticuffs and fighting will go down in Final Fantasy 7: Remake.Here are all of the key points of the new-look ATB combat system.Related: Final Fantasy 7: RemakeYou’re free to move aroundThe first thing to note is that you are no longer locked to a static spot on a battlefield. You can now run, dodge, and lock on to and circle enemies, either getting in close to whack them with a close-range weapon, or staying back to pepper them with gunfire. Blocking is now something you do actively, rather than just selecting a menu option. Final Fantasy 7: Remake moving away from turn-based attacks means you’re going to have to get your hands dirty.Hit Square to attack, X to cast spellsBasic attacks with your primary weapon are unleashed with a tap of the Square button. The more successful hits you get in, the more you’ll fill up a character’s ATB charge bar – named in honour of the old Active Time Battle system which the original game used.Once you’ve filled an ATB bar, pressing the X button will open up the Commands menu, where you’ll then be able to do things like select spells, special abilities, and items. Whenever ATB mode is engaged, the action slows down, Matrix-style, which means you’re given some extra time to think about where to position yourself, which spells to cast, and where exactly to strike next.Push it to the LimitIn the original game, Limit Breaks were special attacks and abilities which could be unleashed when your characters had sustained enough damage. These attacks have returned – and they’re just accessed in the same way. Next to the ATB gauge and beneath the MP meter, you can see the bar for Limit Breaks is there.Living in a Materia WorldYou can assign certain abilities and spells to shortcuts to save yourself time moving through menus, but as the game progresses and you pick up more Materia – the magical orbs which confer special abilities on their bearers – you’ll have plenty more moves and spells to memorise.Yep, Materia’s back, but how could it not be? It is, after all (mild spoiler alert) fairly integral to the story.Rather than have the characters in your party ‘learn’ specific spells, abilities and magic moves are bestowed on characters if they happen to be in possession of the right Materia. The E3 2019 demo showed Cloud, in possession of some green Materia, unleashing a Fire spell on some goons.Related: Best PS4 gamesTake your time, think tacticallyPlayers of the original game will know that certain enemies and bosses require careful consideration – you can’t just keep whaling on the bad guys and hope that a hack-and-slash approach will save you.After introducing Cloud, the action shifted to a famous fight early on, where Cloud and Barrett Wallace take on the robotic Scorpion, a boss which is particularly susceptible to lightning spells, and shouldn’t be attacked when it’s prehensile tail is raised. Well, you can attack it when the tail’s up, but it won’t end well for you.As with the combat in Kingdom Hearts, you’ll be able to cycle through teammates in Final Fantasy 7: Remake. Tapping up and down on the D-pad will see you able to jump from Cloud, to Tifa, to Red XIII, to Yuffie, to Aeris, to Cid, and so on.This means you can get your long-ranged hitters into position and have them blast enemies from a distance, your support characters keep everyone’s HP and MP topped up, and your fighters close in to deliver the killing blow.It’s still fundamentally about HP and MPWhile Final Fantasy 7: Remake’s fighting engine pivots strongly towards real-time action, it’s still underpinned by stats, namely HP – hit points, which determine how much damage you and your enemies can take before dying – and MP – magic points, which are needed to cast spells.Striking and enemy will still see glowing numerals fly all about the place, and unless you’ve got enough MP in reserve, you’re not going to be able to cast the Cure All spell that’d otherwise save your party from certain death. Managing your MP, keeping tabs on how many hit points the enemy has left will still be part and parcel of the experience.While we’ve been afforded but a taste of Final Fantasy 7: Remake’s fighting system, it’s more than enough to whet our appetites for the main course.We’re keen to see how deep the combat system will go, how much of an effect your surroundings will have (i.e. can you get into cover?) what possibilities there will be for chaining up attacks, how Summons might be different this time around, and if some new Materia has made it into the Remake. Either way, Show More Unlike other sites, we thoroughly review everything we recommend, using industry standard tests to evaluate products. We’ll always tell you what we find. We may get a commission if you buy via our price links.Tell us what you think – email the Editor Sign up for the Mobile NewsletterSign Up Please keep me up to date with special offers and news from Goodtoknow and other brands operated by TI Media Limited via email. You can unsubscribe at any time.center_img This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. We’d also like to send you special offers and news just by email from other carefully selected companies we think you might like. Your personal details will not be shared with those companies – we send the emails and you can unsubscribe at any time. Please tick here if you are happy to receive these messages.By submitting your information, you agree to the Terms & Conditions and Privacy & Cookies Policy.last_img read more

Morgan Stanley sees recession within year if trade war gets any worse

first_imgFeatured Stories Wall Street’s biggest banks are lining up to warn investors of growing recession risks from the escalating trade war between the U.S. and China.Reuters/Jason Lee/File Twitter Recommended For YouWall Street treads water as Citi results pressure bank sharesCopper hits two-week high; gains capped by demand doubtsChinese data, Antofagasta help FTSE 100 end longest losing streak in yearsDesjardins announces permanent digital protection to all members following breachIngram Micro Announces First Global Competition to Find the Next Revolutionary Startups Share this storyMorgan Stanley sees recession within year if trade war gets any worse Tumblr Pinterest Google+ LinkedIn Comment More Bloomberg News Reddit Sponsored By: William Mathis and Enda Curran Morgan Stanley sees recession within year if trade war gets any worse Last time the world economy looked like it does now was at the start of 2016 — which was followed by a global slowdown advertisement June 3, 20198:31 AM EDT Filed under News Economy Join the conversation → 2 Comments Wall Street’s biggest banks lined up to warn investors of growing recession risks from the escalating trade war between the U.S. and China.A global recession could start within nine months if President Donald Trump imposes 25 per cent tariffs on an additional US$300 billion of Chinese exports and Beijing retaliates, according to Morgan Stanley. Separately, JPMorgan Chase & Co. said the probability of a U.S. recession in the second half of this year had risen to 40 per cent from 25 per cent a month ago.“Recent conversations with investors have reinforced the sense that markets are underestimating the impact of trade tensions,” Chetan Ahya, chief economist at Morgan Stanley, wrote in a report. “Investors are generally of the view that the trade dispute could drag on for longer, but they appear to be overlooking its potential impact on the global macro outlook.”Such warnings may set the tone for financial markets and will inform this week’s gathering in Japan of the Group of 20 finance chiefs. The potential for a marked slowdown in the world economy was underscored Monday by weakening manufacturing gauges across Asia.“Global growth now looks likely to slip below trend for the rest of this year,” JPMorgan Chief Economist Bruce Kasman and colleagues wrote in a report.Also sounding the alert, economists at Goldman Sachs Group Inc. said they now expect the U.S. to impose 10 per cent tariffs on the remaining US$300 billion-worth of imports from China and on all Mexican goods, too. The bank lowered its U.S. second-half growth forecast by about half a percentage point to 2 per cent and said its sees a greater likelihood of interest-rate cuts from the Federal Reserve.Related Stories:Asian shares creep higher as wary investors await U.S. data, earningsGLOBAL ECONOMY-Asia’s factories falter in June, trade truce fails to brighten outlookAsian shares, dollar brace for China GDP“While it is a close call, the outlook has not yet changed enough for cuts to become our baseline forecast,” Goldman analysts led by Chief Economist Jan Hatzius said in a note.The rift between the Trump administration and China has escalated as each side blames the other for the breakdown in talks. The trade war is also taking on a global dimension amid simmering tensions between the U.S. and the European Union, while Trump is threatening to impose tariffs on Mexican goods in response to illegal immigration.Morgan Stanley’s Ahya advised clients that if the conflict continues, growth will suffer as costs increase, customer demand slows, and companies reduce capital spending.Analysts at Citigroup Inc. recommended investors buy U.S. Treasuries, noting the last time the world economy looked as it does now was at the start of 2016 — which was followed by a meaningful slowdown worldwide.“That episode may provide a useful blueprint for the coming months,” said Mark Schofield, Citigroup’s director of macro strategy. “The U.S. economy has been resilient up to now, however, persistent themes of softening tailwinds in the form of declining fiscal stimulus and strengthening headwinds in the form of trade tensions and China slowdown, are a threat.”Bloomberg.com Email Facebook What you need to know about passing the family cottage to the next generation ← Previous Next →last_img read more

Ford Unveils Wild FVision Electric Semi Truck

MAN Reveals CitE Electric Truck Concept Scania Presents New L 320 6×2 Truck In PHEV Version While the Ford F-Vision is just a concept, hopefully we won’t have to wait for years upon years before we start seeing such trucks on the roads. Source: Electric Vehicle News .embed-container { position: relative; padding-bottom: 56.25%; height: 0; overflow: hidden; max-width: 100%; } .embed-container iframe, .embed-container object, .embed-container embed { position: absolute; top: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%; }.embed-container { position: relative; padding-bottom: 56.25%; height: 0; overflow: hidden; max-width: 100%; } .embed-container iframe, .embed-container object, .embed-container embed { position: absolute; top: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%; }.embed-container { position: relative; padding-bottom: 56.25%; height: 0; overflow: hidden; max-width: 100%; } .embed-container iframe, .embed-container object, .embed-container embed { position: absolute; top: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%; }.embed-container { position: relative; padding-bottom: 56.25%; height: 0; overflow: hidden; max-width: 100%; } .embed-container iframe, .embed-container object, .embed-container embed { position: absolute; top: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%; } Ford hints at a Tesla Semi contenderFord Trucks (in fact, Turkish Ford Otosan) unveiled at the 2018 IAA a concept semi-trailer truck, the “F-Vision – Future Truck”, that turns out to be all-electric.Besides it being electric, it’s chock full of all kinds of technologies, from level 4 autonomous driving and platoon function with other trucks, through cameras instead of rearview mirrors. There’s Internet connectivity, as well as fancy features like automatically tinting windows in the colors of the body, too. In a word, it’s wild.IAA trucks Hyundai And H2 Energy To Launch 1,000 Hydrogen Trucks in Switzerland 4 photos Author Liberty Access TechnologiesPosted on September 27, 2018Categories Electric Vehicle News read more

Porsche says Tesla owners are the top Taycan reservation holders

first_imgSource: Charge Forward We are still about a year away from Porsche starting the production of the Taycan, its first all-electric vehicle, but the company is already seeing some strong demand.The German automaker claims that they have a year worth of pre-orders and Tesla owners are the top Taycan reservation holders. more…The post Porsche says Tesla owners are the top Taycan reservation holders appeared first on Electrek.last_img

Dear Prospective FCPA Lawyer

first_imgIn running Foreign Corrupt Practices Act searches everyday, I often stumble upon an eclectic mix of information.For instance, on this “Top Law School” message board, an individual asks: “As a [prospective law student], how feasible is it for me to make FCPA practice a goal after completing law school? Is this practice area more difficult to get into than standard biglaw?”I frequently receive variants of the same questions from law students and young associates and offer my thoughts below.First things first.While it is good to be thinking about the future, do not lose sight of the present. If your goal is to begin your legal career in a large (or larger size) law firm (where FCPA practices tend to be, but not exclusively, based), that position is likely going to result from a summer internship between your second and third year of law school. That summer internship is likely going to be secured as a result of your first year grades. In short, the first year of law school is very important and if there ever were two four month segments of your educational journey to treat like a job, the first and second semester of law school would be it.Beyond the obvious – do well in law school particularly your first year – prospective FCPA lawyers should have foundational knowledge in how corporations and other business organizations operate (i.e. a corporations or business organizations class) and how business organizations function in the global marketplace (i.e. an international business transactions class). From there, it would also be ideal to take a course in white collar crime and securities regulation (after all the FCPA is part of the Securities Exchange Act and the Securities and Exchange Commission enforces the FCPA as to certain companies). Of course, if your law school offers a specific FCPA course (like Southern Illinois University School of Law offers), you should obviously take that course as well.  Beyond these courses, exposure to general corporate governance and general compliance topics would be useful as well.While the above courses focus on substantive knowledge, realize that FCPA practitioners posses practical skills as well that can be developed beginning in law school. Chief among these is factual investigation and attention to detail. Thus, any class in law school that allows skill development in witness interviewing, factual investigation (including e-discovery), and other internal investigation issues should also be considered.So now that you have taken all or most of the above classes, rank near the top of your class, and are ready to hit the job market, what next?Do realize that most law firms with a robust FCPA practice are generally not looking to hire a first year associate specifically for that practice (just like firms are generally not looking to hire first year associates specifically for its antitrust practice, M&A practice etc). Rather, and to borrow the sports analogy, law firms are generally looking to hire the best available athlete. You are able to best position yourself as that best available athlete by doing well in law school and gaining exposure to the above substantive and practical topics.Now that you have a realistic perspective on the chances of getting hired out of law school as a “FCPA attorney,” what should you do early in your legal career to develop an FCPA practice?In short, be persistent and take ownership of your career. Just because your first or second year of practice may not involve much, if any FCPA-related work, does not mean that you have to abandon your goal of becoming an FCPA lawyer. Be like a sponge when it comes to the FCPA and absorb as much information as you possibly can during non-billable hours.For instance, this post outlines an FCPA reading package. Read FCPA Professor everyday and if you are looking to elevate your FCPA knowledge and practical skills attend the FCPA Institute as several young associates from leading firms have done.Interested in learning more about what FCPA associates do and career advice they have? This subject matter tag contains several Q&A’s with FCPA associates.Some other things to keep in mind as you contemplate an FCPA career. Very few “FCPA lawyers” devote 100% or even 75% of their practice to FCPA work. This percentage may vary in any given year particularly if you are involved in an internal investigation. In short, you are going to have to develop other practices and skills beyond the FCPA which makes the above general suggestions all the more important.Other miscellaneous thoughts on becoming an FCPA lawyer and maintaining an FCPA practice.Having a well-informed world-view certainly helps. International travel teaches you several important things about life, culture and the world in which we live. Being an FCPA lawyer often requires a fair amount of travel and the more exposure you can get to foreign cultures through international travel will certainly be an intangible asset. This includes travel to developing countries and emerging markets as your FCPA career is likely to take you to such places.Speaking multiple languages (particularly Mandarin, Spanish, and Portuguese) will be a great asset to have.Be flexible and expect the unexpected. If you want an FCPA practice you have to be prepared for the day when you are comfortably sitting at your desk on a Tuesday (with a nice upcoming weekend planned), but the phone rings and 24 hours later you are on plane to Beijing, Sao Paulo, Jakarta, or some other foreign location. You will arrive at your destination jet-lagged, not able to sleep at night because of the time difference, but have a full day of factual investigation and witness interviews ahead. Patience will take on a new meaning when you are conducting interviews through an interpreter. In short, if you want an FCPA practice you need to be prepared to go with the flow and expect the unexpected.Be humble. Sure you may be the high-priced lawyer who arrived to the foreign country via first-class airfare with access to a private driver and a private security detail (well let’s hope not but it depends where you are traveling). However, don’t think for a moment that you are any better or smarter than the people you will interact with in the foreign country. Also remember, you are a guest in their country and in their office environment and don’t you forget this. Your ability to have a successful trip will largely depend on seemingly minor issues that will put you into contact with seemingly minor personnel at the client site.Best of luck as you prepare for and advance in your FCPA practice!last_img read more

Engineers aim to create ultrasound helmet that could provide realtime images during

first_img Source:https://news.vanderbilt.edu/2018/05/08/ultrasound-helmet-would-make-live-images-brain-machine-interface-possible/ May 9 2018Ultrasound technology for the brain could mean real-time images during surgery, a better idea of which areas get stimulated by certain feelings or actions and, ultimately, an effective way for people to control software and robotics by thinking about it.Medical doctors and scientists have spent decades hoping for such an advance, but it was impossible before now, said Brett Byram, assistant professor of biomedical engineering. Ultrasound beams bounced around inside the skull, so no useful imagery could make it out.Byram plans to use machine learning that will gradually be able to account for distortion and deliver workable images. What’s more, he wants to integrate electroencephalogram technology so doctors could see not only brain perfusion – how blood flow correlates to changes in thought – but also areas of stimulation related to movement and emotion.Related StoriesDon’t Miss the Blood-Brain Barrier Drug Delivery (B3DD) Summit this AugustResearchers identify previously unknown pathways for sensory learning in the brainMercy Medical Center adds O-arm imaging system to improve spinal surgery results”The goal is to create a brain-machine interface using an ultrasound helmet and EEG,” Byram said. “A lot of the technology we’re using now wasn’t available when people were working on this 20 or 30 years ago. Deep neural networks and machine learning have become popular, and our group is the first to show how you can use those for ultrasound beamforming.”The applications, he said, are endless. At the basic level, it could allow for images as clear or moreso than those doctors are accustomed to seeing of the heart or womb.Going forward, a person with limited movement due to ALS could think about wanting a glass of water, and a robotic arm could retrieve one because the helmet detected blood flow and EEG information that told it to. A student reading a paper may feel stress about a certain part that isn’t properly sourced, and the computer would know to put a mark there for later editing.Byram, whose funding for this is from a $550,000 National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development grant, said he’s working with Leon Bellan, assistant professor of mechanical engineering and biomedical engineering, and Michael Miga, Harvie Branscomb Professor and professor of biomedical engineering, radiology and neurological surgery, to develop the helmet. He plans to invite medical center doctors to the team as their work progresses.last_img read more

Study identifies factors that contribute to vaginal dryness

first_imgJun 20 2018It’s a common problem that only gets worse during the menopause transition; yet, no one wants to talk about it, and even fewer women are doing anything to correct it. A new study identifies those factors that contribute to the taboo problem of vaginal dryness. Study results are published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS).Many women experience vaginal dryness during menopause, which often manifests as burning, itching, or lack of lubrication during sexual activity, and they have a lot of company. Data from the Study of Women Across the Nation (SWAN) tracked more than 2,400 women over a 17-year-period showed that, at baseline, 19.4% of women (aged 42-53 y) reported vaginal dryness. By the time the women in the study were aged 57 to 69 years, 34% of them complained of symptoms.Related StoriesStudy confirms role of genetics in determining menopause age and familial longevitySmart phone health monitoring devices will revolutionize healthcareAre Chronic Pain Relief Drugs for Children Effective?More surprising, however, is the fact that more than 50% of women don’t report vaginal dryness to their healthcare providers, and less than 4% of affected women are actively using any of the many proven therapies that include vaginal estrogen tablets, creams, and rings, according to “Factors associated with developing vaginal dryness symptoms in women transitioning through menopause: a longitudinal study,” the Menopause article detailing the study results.It’s no secret that as a woman transitions through menopause and her estradiol levels drop, her body undergoes many changes. Among these changes is decreased vaginal blood flow, which leads to vaginal dryness and pain during intercourse. In addition to highlighting the problem of women not talking about symptoms or acting to help manage the problem, the new study demonstrates that the frequency of sexual activity has no effect on the degree of vaginal dryness or pain during intercourse. So, women who were having either more or less sex specifically because they thought it would cure their problem will have to look for more proven treatment options. Additionally, the study found that hormone therapy was much more effective at managing vaginal dryness in women who experienced natural menopause than in those who underwent a hysterectomy.”Studies have confirmed that although more than half of women develop vaginal dryness as they become more postmenopausal, most do not report symptoms. Some will try lubricants as they begin to develop pain with sex,” says Dr. JoAnn Pinkerton, NAMS executive director. “However, if lubricants and vaginal moisturizers are not enough, there are highly effective vaginal therapies such as vaginal estrogen tablets, creams, the low-dose ring, and the new intravaginal dehydroandrosterone. It’s shocking that less than 4% of women in the SWAN study were using these effective therapies by the end of the study period. For women, please report symptoms, and for healthcare providers, please offer safe, effective therapies.” Source:https://www.menopause.org/docs/default-source/press-release/vaginal-dryness-factors-6-20-18.pdflast_img read more

Peptilogics held preIND meeting with FDA to develop PLG0206 for treating prosthetic

first_imgReviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Aug 25 2018Peptilogics, a development stage company utilizing its innovative peptide platform to treat multidrug-resistant bacterial infections, today announced it recently held a pre-Investigational New Drug (pre-IND) meeting with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to discuss the regulatory pathway for the development of PLG0206 for the treatment of prosthetic joint infections (PJI). PJI is one of the most challenging complications of joint arthroplasty and a serious, life-threatening condition with few effective treatment options.”We are delighted with the outcome of the pre-IND meeting,” said Sanjay Kakkar M.D., Chief Executive Officer of Peptilogics. “This key interaction, in addition to the recent QIDP Designation, establishes a viable development path for PLG0206 through clinical proof of concept in this important and significant area of unmet medical need.” Earlier this year, PLG0206 was granted Qualified Infectious Disease Product (QIDP) designation by the FDA.Related StoriesAntibiotic combination effective against drug-resistant PseudomonasStudy shows link between gut microbiome health and successful joint replacementMultifaceted intervention for acute respiratory infection improves antibiotic-prescribingThe FDA meeting served to reach agreement on the details of the development path for the use of PLG0206 in the treatment of PJI. “Peptilogics greatly appreciates the highly positive feedback we received in our pre-IND meeting with the FDA,” said Jonathan Steckbeck, Founder, President and Chief Scientific Officer. “Their clear guidance confirms our plans and will greatly assist our future IND application.”Since PLG0206 will be administered locally into infected joints, Peptilogics has developed a novel population pharmacokinetic (PK) model to simulate systemic absorption following local administration. Parviz Ghahramani, PhD, PharmD, MSc, MBA, early development and Clinical Pharmacology advisor for Peptilogics, will be presenting a poster titled, “Interspecies Allometric Scaling of pre-clinical Data to Predict Human PK Following intravenous and Open Joint Irrigation of PLG0206 – a Novel Antibacterial Peptide” at the upcoming Ninth American Conference on Pharmacometrics (ACoP9). The conference will be held October 7 – 10, 2018, at the Loews Coronado Bay Resort near San Diego, CA. ACoP is the annual scientific meeting of the International Society of Pharmacometrics (ISoP). “We are excited to present this population PK model, developed for PLG0206 administration,” said Dr. Ghahramani. “This model is the first to predict absorption following local administration and will be a powerful tool in the development of PLG0206.”Source: https://www.peptilogics.com/single-post/2018/08/24/Peptilogics-Completes-Successful-Pre-IND-Meeting-with-the-Food-and-Drug-Administration-FDA-for-PLG0206-in-Prosthetic-Joint-Infections-PJIlast_img read more

ScienceShot Physics Predicts US Voting Patterns

Building on theories used to describe magnets, scientists have put together a model that captures something very different: voting patterns in U.S. presidential elections. In the model, just two factors directly influence someone’s vote: the proportion of Republicans and Democrats in a voter’s home county and that same proportion in the county where they work. For example, a person who voted Republican in one election and lives in a politically neutral county but works in a heavily Democratic county would likely vote for a Democrat in the next election. Rather than trying to predict the winner in a series of elections, the researchers focused on the distribution of Republican margins of victory across U.S. counties as well as how correlations between two counties’ vote shares changed with the distance separating them, quantities more commonly used to describe the transition from a demagnetized block of iron to a magnetized one. Combining the model of social influence with U.S. census data on commuting patterns, the researchers predicted a bell curve distribution of county-level margins of victory and surprisingly long-range correlations between counties; that suggests that some counties, at least, could feel the effects of social pressures in counties on the other side of the nation, they report this month in Physical Review Letters. What’s more, those patterns were a close match to the actual election data, putting a new spin on some old ideas.See more ScienceShots. read more

Invasive cricket species takes over in eastern US homes

first_imgThe United Nations predicts that by 2050, 90% of Americans will live in urban environments. Many animals share this habitat with humans, but their presence is not always well studied by scientists. One common household insect is the camel cricket, a harmless, spiderlike omnivorous scavenger named for its humpback. To learn the distribution of camel crickets in American homes, researchers conducted a citizen science campaign through online surveys and solicited photographs and specimens. Based on more than 2000 responses from 39 states and the District of Columbia, they found that more camel crickets lived in states east of Colorado than in western states. Among the homes surveyed, 28% of those in eastern states reported camel cricket presence, compared with 7% for those in western states. As many as 700 million camel crickets could be living in eastern U.S. homes alone, the team reports online today in PeerJ, more than the number of people there. They also found that greenhouse camel crickets, an invasive Asian species shown in the above picture, have replaced native species as the most common camel crickets in eastern homes. Biologists previously thought these crickets lived only in greenhouses, hence their nickname.last_img read more

What did Leonard Nimoy mean to you

first_imgLeonard Nimoy—poet, photographer, and Star Trek’s “Mr. Spock”—died today at 83. The New York Times has the full story here. Though Nimoy wasn’t a scientist, he undoubtedly inspired generations of children to become one, thanks to his role as the U.S.S. Enterprise’s science officer. Nimoy also contributed to science-themed projects, such as the 1994 IMAX documentary Destiny in Space, which contained footage from nine Space Shuttle missions. We here at Science will feel his loss deeply. What did Leonard Nimoy mean to you? Please share your thoughts in the comments section.last_img read more

How El Niño saved you from a tornado this spring

first_imgEarlier this year, scientists predicted that 2015’s tornado season would likely be fairly tame, because El Niño—a global weather phenomenon marked by unusually warm surface waters in the eastern tropical Pacific—prevails and suppresses twister development across much of the nation. Now, with the peak tornado months of April, May, and June behind us, those predictions seem to have come true. For the first half of 2015, the Storm Prediction Center in Norman, Oklahoma, reports a preliminary count of 817 tornadoes striking the United States, 19% below the 10-year average of 1006 tornadoes; the tornado shown here struck Halstead, Kansas, in May. Moreover, through 28 June, tornadoes killed only 10 people, far fewer than the 70 people killed during the first half of 2012, the 45 people killed during the first half of 2013, and the 37 people killed during the first half of 2014. The big question for next spring is whether El Niño persists or instead yields to its often more deadly opposite: La Niña ruled much of 2011, the year when a fierce tornado devastated Joplin, Missouri, and killed 158 people.last_img read more

Clouds molteniron rain showers detected on outcast alien world

first_imgThe weather outlook on PSO J318.5-22 is cloudy and hot, with dust storms and the chance of showers—of molten iron. That forecast, according to a team of astronomers using the European Southern Observatory’s New Technology Telescope in Chile, is the first identification of weather on a planet outside our solar system. But PSO J318.5-22 is no ordinary planet. Discovered in 2013, it’s a “rogue planet”: an extrasolar object that doesn’t orbit around a star. It could have been gravitationally ejected from a stellar system, or formed on its own by some other method. But being isolated means that astronomers can detect its light directly without it being drowned out by a star’s glare. The astronomers took hundreds of infrared pictures of PSO J318.5-22, which is a gas giant like our Jupiter but with eight times the mass. As they report in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, shifts in its brightness reveal that PSO J318.5-22 is rotating every 5 hours and has multiple layers of thick and thin clouds with temperatures of about 800°C. The researchers say this shows that clouds are probably ubiquitous in planetary objects. They hope their technique will eventually produce weather reports for gas giants orbiting distant stars and, one day, rocky exoplanets similar to our own.last_img read more

The Science Quiz All the presidents scientists

first_img The Moon Treaty Hand washing In a smaller-scale war (but one with implications that are just as important), many pathogens are becoming resistant to antibiotics. Which of the following accelerates antibiotic resistance? The height of one copy of Science magazine Autism Start Quiz The height of a thimble Alzheimer’s. Brain health touches us from cradle to grave, and when brain disease strikes, the costs—personal and budgetary—are staggering. By 2025, at least 7 million Americans are expected to suffer from Alzheimer’s disease, which causes memory loss, personality changes, impaired reasoning, and, eventually, death. The new president will have to plan for a ramp-up in spending on care for elderly people with brain disease and decide how high a priority to place on spending for brain research. Costs and benefits Which U.S. president signed legislation that led to the creation of NASA? Time’s Up! You Jimmy Carter The intentions of others Which U.S. president oversaw the development of the ARPA Network, precursor of the internet? Score Click to enter Lyndon Johnson Add new DNA Enforcing the three laws of robotics All of the above Lateral gene transfer. Because many disease-causing agents reproduce so quickly—the gut bug Escherichia coli can double its numbers in as little as 17 minutes—they can evolve fast and outrace our ability to develop new treatments. Bacteria and other organisms can even trade genes through a process called lateral transfer, accelerating the spread of traits like drug resistance. The United States needs to be ready for serious epidemics, and even a global pandemic. Readiness requires international cooperation and coordination, because diseases respect no borders. Brain health is another area where politicians need policymaking savvy. This year alone, what disease cost Americans nearly $236 billion? Franklin Roosevelt Artificial intelligence, meanwhile, is taking off. What is one near-term worry about enabling machines to make their own decisions? The height of a playing card. That’s about 8 centimeters. As the world warms, its oceans are swelling by an average of 3.2 millimeters a year. Some 40% of this increase stems from the physical expansion of water as it heats. The rest is mostly caused by melting mountain glaciers and, especially in recent years, retreating ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica. If current emission trends continue, the seas could rise by a half-meter or more by century’s end. John Kennedy Brain cancer Ease public concerns about scientists “playing god” Dwight Eisenhower. The 34th president of the United States was famous for his military exploits during World War II, but he was equally famous for his role in the postwar world, encouraging nuclear arms control and championing a policy of deterrence during the Cold War. After the Soviet Union launched the world’s first artificial satellite—Sputnik—in 1957, Eisenhower backed the creation of a civilian-led space program. Congress approved, and NASA was created on 1 October 1958. January 20, 2017 Dwight Eisenhower John Kennedy How much do you know about the scientific breakthroughs of presidencies past and the challenges facing future (and current) administrations? In this week’s special quiz, see how you stack up when it comes to science policy! Achieving the singularity In addition to calling for the original moonshot, U.S. President John Kennedy supported what other space-related initiative? An error occurred loading the Quiz. Please try again later. Enter the information below to enter the sweepstakes:Your information has been submitted.An error occurred submitting the email. Please try again later.This email has already been entered.The email submitted is not a valid email.Incomplete form. Please fill out all fields. Select CountryAfghanistanAlbaniaAlgeriaAmerican SamoaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntigua & BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBoliviaBonaireBosnia & HerzegovinaBotswanaBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCanary IslandsCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChannel IslandsChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos IslandColombiaComorosCongoCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuracaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEast TimorEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland IslandsFaroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreat BritainGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuamGuatemalaGuineaGuyanaHaitiHawaiiHondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea NorthKorea SouthKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacauMacedoniaMadagascarMalaysiaMalawiMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMidway IslandsMoldovaMonacoMongoliaMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNambiaNauruNepalNetherland AntillesNetherlands (Holland, Europe)NevisNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalau IslandPalestinePanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairn IslandPolandPortugalPuerto RicoQatarRepublic of MontenegroRepublic of SerbiaReunionRomaniaRussiaRwandaSt BarthelemySt EustatiusSt HelenaSt Kitts-NevisSt LuciaSt MaartenSt Pierre & MiquelonSt Vincent & GrenadinesSaipanSamoaSamoa AmericanSan MarinoSao Tome & PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTahitiTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad & TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks & Caicos IsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUSAUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVatican City StateVenezuelaVietnamVirgin Islands (Brit)Virgin Islands (USA)Wake IslandWallis & Futana IsYemenZaireZambiaZimbabweBy Entering you agree to receive email from AAAS about AAAS products and Services (you can opt out of these emails at any time). I would like to receive emails about products and services offered by AAAS advertisers.PRIVACY I have read and accept the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.Submit Lateral gene transfer Today, many challenges face the incoming administration, not the least among them climate change. According to scientists, the world’s seas have risen—on average—how much in the last 23 years? Commercial space satellites Overexposure to cell phone transmissions CRISPR is a new gene-editing technology that makes it easier, faster, and cheaper than ever before to alter the DNA of any organism, from bacteria to people. Which of the following can’t it do?center_img Results: You answered out of correctly – Click to revisit Enter for a chance to win. We’ll select a new winner each week. The height of a playing card Alzheimer’s Bill Clinton Lyndon Johnson. The ARPA Network, set up in 1969 by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), was a network of small computers initially deployed at research institutes along the U.S. West Coast. The first permanent link was established on 21 November between computers at the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Stanford Research Institute. The first message that they sent? “lo,” a two-letter aberration of the word “login.” When they tried sending the entire word, the system crashed. The Strategic Defense Initiative (“Star Wars”) Top Ranker January 20, 2017 The Science Quiz Take the quiz to enter for a chance to win a FREE digital subscription to Science! Learn More The faster you answer, the higher you score! Challenge your friends and sign up for your chance to win a free digital subscription to Science. Lyndon Johnson Harry Truman Dwayne Elizondo Mountain Dew Herbert Camacho Share your score The Science Quiz Traumatic brain injuries (concussions) Official rules for the News from Science weekly quiz sweepstakes How did you score on the quiz? Challenge your friends to a science news duel! Establishing liability Richard Nixon Our own best interests Allowing them to evolve feelings of ennui 0 / 10 Question Which U.S. president signed environmental laws including the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, and the Endangered Species Act? Cripple a gene The underuse of antibiotics The creation of an international space station Average Ease public concerns about “playing god.” A powerful tool for basic research, CRISPR could also lead to new treatments for genetic disease in humans, pest-resistant crops with higher yields, and disease-resistant livestock. But uses of CRISPR could also raise profound ethical and regulatory concerns. It could allow the creation of human embryos with modified genes that would be passed on to future generations. And, in an approach known as gene drive, CRISPR could be used to permanently alter the genome of an entire species in ways that could shift its evolutionary path and ecological role, or even wipe it off Earth. What a joke! Everyone knows that sea levels aren’t rising. Dwight Eisenhower Mix genes from unrelated organisms 0 Here’s one final concern for any incoming administration. According to social science, it turns out that we humans aren’t so great at assessing: All of the above. And all of the above come down to a single concept: risk. When experts calculate risk, they rely on statistics, but ordinary people rely on their guts. One downside of gut assessments is obvious: They lead us to overestimate the chances of horrible things happening and underestimate familiar risks. For example, since the attacks of 9/11, terrorists have killed at most a few hundred Americans. Over the same period, car accidents have killed more than 500,000 and heart disease roughly 8 million—perils we tend to take in stride. Misperception of risk can push a president to overreact to lesser threats and underreact to greater problems. Talking realistically about risks—as opposed to promising absolute protection—is crucial, but to do so, a president will have to maintain the public’s trust, which is much harder to earn than it is to lose. Commercial space satellites. The Communications Satellite Act of 1962 for the first time allowed private firms to launch commercial communications satellites. But, like the moonshot, the act can’t be attributed to just one player. Experts don’t always agree on who deserves credit or blame for every major policy decision. One reason, as Kennedy himself ruefully noted after the Bay of Pigs fiasco, is that “victory has 100 fathers and defeat is an orphan.” (And yes, we know he borrowed that quote from an Italian diplomat writing about World War II.) Establishing liability. Products and services from self-driving cars to systems that guide medical care could bring major benefits. But AI also brings worries. It will enable employers to automate more tasks and displace workers, possibly increasing economic inequality. Letting machines make their own decisions also raises profound ethical and legal questions. Who is responsible if an autonomous car crashes, a piece of software wrecks an investment portfolio, or a sensor switches a stoplight to green at the wrong time? The stakes are even higher on the battlefield, where the military is exploring the possibility of fielding autonomous lethal weapons that would make their own decisions about when to fire. LOADING Richard Nixon. Known for negotiating the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with the Soviets, opening up China to the West, and opening up the files of the Democratic National Committee, Nixon was also a supporter of the nascent environmental movement, and even signed the executive order that led to the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency. At the time, air pollution was so bad in the United States that the Mississippi River was described as a “cesspool,” and New Yorkers were constantly rubbing soot from their faces with handkerchiefs—just two small examples of why cleaning up the environment became a major public concern. Win a FREE digital subscription to Science! Just submit the required contact information to enter.last_img read more